(Acknowledgement: S. Walker and K. Keen RNR Manual 2011)

Developmental delay and learning difficulty are multi-factorial problems and therefore require a multi-professional team approach. Experience has shown that structure is a very important factor and is best addressed first.

This chiropractic technique (RNR) has resulted from over 15 different professionals in Australia who were able to put aside prejudice for the sake of their patients and get together work shopping, think tanking and hands-on researching RNR.

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Primitive Reflexes

Primitive reflexes are controlled by the brainstem and associated lower centres. They begin to appear in utero and are important for survival and development until birth, when some appear to assist in the birthing process. The reflexes are essential for the baby’s survival in the first few weeks of life, providing immediate response to its environment or its own needs at a time when higher cortical centres have not yet developed sufficiently to cope with environmental or internal demands. Some reflexes assist in the establishment or normal function and integration of the special senses.

Primitive reflexes involve automatic and stereotyped movements, such as breathing, blinking, swallowing and glandular function. They are mediated by the autonomic nervous system and are executed without cortical involvement.

As higher centres begin to mature enough for conscious control of activity, the involuntary, uncontrollable reflex responses are no longer needed. If they are elicited inappropriately beyond the relevant age for integration, the automatic response may be inappropriate, undesirable or even dangerous.

The reflexes automatically and neurologically stay for the remainder of our life. But for mature voluntarily directed responses to take place, the neonatal display of the reflexes must be integrated or controlled by higher centres.

Primitive reflexes remain anatomically and function neurologically all our life. It is the neonatal display of these brainstem reflexes continuing after normal time of integration that causes the problems in behaviour, perception, learning and hormonal function. Thus “Retained Neonatal Reflexes” indicates that the neonatal display of a primitive reflex has been retained beyond the normal time of integration for that individual nervous system.

For more information regarding some of the individual reflexes we check please click here

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